- Chieftain of the Visigoths (q.v.) from 395-410. He revolted against imperial rule in 395 and led a marauding expedition through Thrace (q.v.), briefly threatening Constantinople (q.v.) itself before invading Thessaly and the Peloponnesos (qq.v.) in 396-397. He invaded Italy (q.v.) in 401, was repulsed by Stilicho (q.v.) in 402, then returned to besiege Rome (q.v.) in 408, retreating only when the senate negotiated his withdrawal. However, after Stilicho was executed by Honorios, Alaric invaded Italy for a third time, besieging Rome, which his forces pillaged in 410. The fall of Rome shocked the civilized world, prompting Augustine (q.v.) to write his City of God. Alaric marched to southern Italy, where his plans to sail to Africa (q.v.) were thwarted by a storm that destroyed his fleet. His death (410) concluded a series of disastrous consequences that resulted from the imperial decision to allow the Visigoths to cross the Danube (q.v.) in 376.
Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . John H. Rosser .
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Alaric I — ( Alareiks in the original Gothic; Alarik or Alarich in modern Germanic languages; Alaricus in Latin; and Alarico in Italian, Portuguese, and Spanish), was likely born about 370 on an island named Peuce (the Fir) at the mouth of the Danube. He… … Wikipedia
Alaric — is a Germanic name that, broken into its parts means Ala everyone s and ric ruler . This has various forms in the several Germanic languages, such as Alareiks in the original Gothic and Alrekr in Old Norse. Most modern Germanic languages render… … Wikipedia
ALARIC II° — (485–507), Visigothic king. Alaric II was a strong and prudent ruler of the Visigoths, who had established themselves in Spain and southern France on the breakdown of the western Roman Empire. The Visigoths had adopted Arian Christianity, a form… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Alaric — [al′ə rik] 1. A.D. 370 410; king of the Visigoths (395? 410): captured Rome (410) 2. Alaric II died A.D. 507; king of the Visigoths (484? 507): issued a code of laws … English World dictionary
Alăric — (d A.), Kanal im Dep. Oberpyrenäen … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Alaric — m English (rare): from a Germanic personal name composed of the elements ala all or ali stranger + rīc power, ruler, which was introduced to Britain in this form by the Normans. The first element may also in part derive from a contracted form of… … First names dictionary
Alaric II — roi des Wisigoths (484 507), tué par Clovis à Vouillé … Encyclopédie Universelle
Alaric — Alaric, Alric Rencontré surtout dans le Sud, c est un nom de personne d origine germanique (ala = tout + ric = puissant) … Noms de famille
Alaric — Visigothic masc. proper name, lit. all ruler, from P.Gmc. *ala all + *rikja rule (see RICH (Cf. rich)) … Etymology dictionary
Alaric — (c. 370 410) Great Visigothic king and warrior whose sack of the ancient capital city of Rome in 410, following the assassination of his rival Stilicho, profoundly shocked and dismayed the people of the Roman Empire, a shock from which the… … Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe
Alaric II — (d. 507) Visigothic king of Toulouse (484 507) who traditionally has been seen as a weak and unworthy successor to his great father Euric, but who more recently has been seen as an important and innovative king. Even by traditional estimates,… … Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe